In my recent article, The Top Priority for Long-Term Survival, I named food production the top-priority for long-term survival in any long-lasting, grid-down situation following a major SHTF event like an EMP attack, major war, and/or political or economic collapse. One key to a productive garden is healthy soil. This article covers two ways you can improve your garden soil - composting and vermiculture.
Composting and Vermiculture
A simple definition of composting is the turning of organic waste material, such as lawn clippings, leaves, garden waste, and kitchen scraps, into a nutrientent-rich additive for the soil. Composting is an inexpensive way to improve the soil in your garden, while at th sam time reducing the amount of waste you are adding to lndfills. Here are some great articles and websites on composting:
Composting at Home - Good webpage on composting from the US Environmental Protection Agency.
Small Scale or Backyard Composting - Lots of great info and links on composting.
How to Compost at Home - Great article on the Countryside website.
There are also a couple of interesting alternative methods for composting you may wish to consider - vermiculture and the use of a composting toilet.
Vermiculture is composting with worms. The wikipedia article on vermiculture is a great introduction. The Earth911 website has several excellent articles on composting with worms. Also check out the City Farmer's guide to composting with worms. The Countryside article How to use worms for composting is also worth reading.
Compsoting Toilets are a great way to turn human waste into compost and safe, usable soil. Done correctly, it is very hygienic and there is no odor. See the wikipedia article on composting toilets for an introduction, as well as the short documentary that originally aired on National Geographic channel presented below.
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